alexa The Association between Interrelationships and Linkages of Knowledge about HIV/AIDS and its Related Risky Behaviors in People Living with HIV/AIDS | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN 2155-6113

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
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Research Article

The Association between Interrelationships and Linkages of Knowledge about HIV/AIDS and its Related Risky Behaviors in People Living with HIV/AIDS

Berhanu Tameru1*, Gemechu Gerbi2, David Nganwa2, Asseged Bogale2, Vinaida Robnett2 and Tsegye Habtemariam2

1Professor and Director, Tuskegee University, Center for Computational Epidemiology, Bioinformatics and Risk Analysis, 107-Williams-Bowie Hall, College of Vet Med, Nursing and Allied Health (CVMNAH), Tuskegee, AL 36832, USA

2Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Berhanu Tameru
Professor and Director
Tuskegee University, Center for Computational Epidemiology
Bioinformatics and Risk Analysis, 107-Williams-Bowie Hall
College of Vet. Med., Nursing and Allied Health (CVMNAH)
Tuskegee, AL 36832, USA
Tel: 334-724-4275
Fax: 334-724-4277
E-Mail: [email protected]

Received Date: July 24, 2012; Accepted Date: September 17, 2012; Published Date: September 20, 2012

Citation: Tameru B, Gerbi G, Nganwa D, Bogale A, Robnett V, et al. (2012) The Association between Interrelationships and Linkages of Knowledge about HIV/AIDS and its Related Risky Behaviors in People Living with HIV/AIDS. J AIDS Clinic Res S7:002. doi:10.4172/2155-6113.S7-002

Copyright: © 2012 Tameru B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The relationship between knowledge about HIV/AIDS and its associated risky behaviors is complex and has not been sufficiently explored. It is especially important to look at some of the aspects of this relationship among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in order to develop effective intervention strategies to reduce HIV/AIDS risky behaviors. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between knowledge about HIV/AIDS and its risky behaviors among PLWHA. Methods: Risk taking behavior among the participants was measured as the number of all risky behaviors before and after the knowledge of their HIV/AIDS positive status. Knowledge was measured by the extent to which participants answered the HIV/AIDS related questions. The relationships between the identified HIV/AIDS risky behaviors and the knowledge among PLWHA were analyzed using Structural Equation Modelling. Results: 341 questionnaires were administered and 326 (96%) were completed and returned from PLWHA clients of HIV/AIDS outreach facility in Alabama. Analysis revealed that, knowledge of HIV/AIDS, and knowledge of a properly used condom in preventing the infection through sexual activity were positively related with knowledge of where to get tested for HIV/AIDS. Using drugs before sex was significantly related with having sex with prostitutes (total effects\\\\\\\' standardized regression coefficient (TESRC)=0.29, p<0.001). Sharing the same syringe or needle with another person or other people to inject oneself was strongly related with number of sexual partners within one year (TESRC=0.25, p<0.001), and sex with injecting drug users (TESRC=0.45, p<0.001). Conclusion: A deeper understanding of HIV/AIDS and some of its transmission pathways appears to be very effective in practicing the taking of preventive measures such as using condoms or getting tested for HIV. Increasing access to HIV/AIDS education could therefore be very useful in providing further gains in HIV/AIDS awareness among PLWHA

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