alexa The Associations of Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms, Five-Factor Model Personality Dimensions, and Personality Fragmentation among Depressed Inpatients
ISSN: 2378-5756

Journal of Psychiatry
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Research Article

The Associations of Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms, Five-Factor Model Personality Dimensions, and Personality Fragmentation among Depressed Inpatients

Timo Säämänen1,2, Juha Voutilainen3, Jari Lahti1,4,5, Erkki Isometsä6,7, Martti Heikkinen7 and Marius Lahti1,8*

1Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

2Department of Psychiatry, Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa, Järvenpää, Finland

3Helsinki Department of Social Services and Health Care, Aurora Hospital, Helsinki, Finland

4Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland, Topeliusgatan 20, 00250 Helsingfors, Finland

5Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

6Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

7Department of Psychiatry, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland

8Endocrinology Unit, University/BHF Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK

*Corresponding Author:
Marius Lahti
Post-doctoral Researcher, University of Helsinki
Institute of Behavioral Sciences, Siltavuorenpenger 1 A, Helsinki
Uusimaa 00014, Finland
Tel: +358503440662
E-mail: [email protected]

Received December 09, 2015; Accepted April 23, 2016; Published April 30, 2016

Citation: Säämänen T, Voutilainen J, Lahti J, Isometsä E, Heikkinen M, et al. (2016) The Associations of Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms, Five-Factor Model Personality Dimensions, and Personality Fragmentation among Depressed Inpatients. J Psychiatry 19: 362 doi:10.4172/2378-5756.1000362

Copyright: © 2016 Säämänen T, et al., This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: Major depressive disorder and borderline personality disorder are highly comorbid. In previous studies, certain Five-Factor Model personality dimensions have been associated with both borderline personality disorder and major depression. Multiple Self States Model personality fragmentation has also been associated with borderline personality disorder. However, the specificity of these associations remains unclear. We examined whether personality fragmentation and Five-Factor Model personality dimensions are associated with borderline personality disorder symptoms among depressed psychiatric patients.
Methods:
A sample of 43 depressed psychiatric hospital inpatients filled in the Personality Structure Questionnaire, the NEO Personality Inventory, and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Questionnaire on borderline personality disorder symptoms. We examined the associations of Five-Factor Model personality dimensions and Multiple Self States model personality fragmentation with borderline personality disorder symptom sum-score and with the number of endorsed Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders borderline personality disorder symptoms with linear regression analyses. The analyses were adjusted for age and education level of the participants and/or concurrent depressive symptoms.
Results:
Higher personality fragmentation and higher Neuroticism were associated with significantly higher borderline personality disorder symptom sum-score and with a significantly higher number of endorsed borderline personality disorder symptoms. These associations were independent of sociodemographic covariates and concurrent depressive symptoms.
Conclusions:
Among depressed patients, higher levels of borderline personality disorder symptoms show independent, significant associations with higher personality fragmentation and higher Neuroticism. These two personality dimensions thus informatively characterize depressed patients with high levels of borderline personality disorder symptoms.

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