alexa The Availability of Antidotes in Public Hospitals in Ku
ISSN: 2376-0419

Journal of Pharmaceutical Care & Health Systems
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

The Availability of Antidotes in Public Hospitals in Kuwait: A Cross Sectional Survey

Samuel Koshy* and Eman Abahussain
Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Kuwait University, Kuwait
Corresponding Author : Samuel Koshy
Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy Practice
Kuwait University, P.O Box 24923 Safat 13110, Kuwait
Tel: 965-246-368-60
E-mail: [email protected]
Received September 16, 2014; Accepted October 09, 2014; Published October 12, 2014
Citation: Koshy S, Abahussain E (2014) The Availability of Antidotes in Public Hospitals in Kuwait: A Cross Sectional Survey. J Pharma Care Health Sys S1-004. doi:10.4172/2376-0419.S1-004
Copyright: © 2014 Koshy S, et al.. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Objective: Inadequate availability of essential antidotes is reported in many countries. Information on the availability of antidotes in Kuwait is not available. The aim is to determine whether there are adequate stocks of antidotes in public hospitals in Kuwait and to identify the presence of guidelines for antidote stocking and sharing and to determine the presence of emergency medicine pharmacists in the emergency departments. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using a questionnaire distributed to chief pharmacists of six public hospitals in Kuwait. The questionnaire enquired on the availability of 29 antidotes. Results: All the chief pharmacists responded to the survey. The antidotes that were not available in any of the hospitals were botulinum antitoxin, calcium gluconate gel, dicobaltedetate, fomepizole, sodium calcium edetate, sodium thiosulphate, succimer and unithiol. There was substantial variation in the availability of antidotes, especially for cyanide poisoning, ranging from no hospitals for sodium thiosulphate to one hospital each for sodium nitrite and hydroxocobalamin. Only two hospitals had stocks of the polyvalent snake antivenom. Only three hospitals had sharing agreements. Kuwait does not have guidelines for stocking antidotes. None of the hospitals had emergency medicine pharmacists. Conclusion: The six general hospitals in Kuwait have inadequate availability of certain antidotes. Urgent measures, by creating a national guideline for antidote stocking and enforcing antidote hazard vulnerability assessment and establishing a poison control centre, are needed to reduce morbidity and mortality of poisoned patients in Kuwait.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords