The Benefit of Vitamin D Therapy on Psychological Aspects in Children and Adolescents in Western Saudi ArabiaLama Khaled Arfaj, Suzan Abu Alainain and Abdulmoein Eid Al-Agha*
Pediatric Department, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
- Corresponding Author:
- Abdulmoein Eid Al-Agha
Professor of Pediatric Endocrinology
King Abdulaziz University Hospital
Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 03, 2017; Accepted Date: June 26, 2017; Published Date: June 30, 2017
Citation: Arfaj LK, Alainain SA, Al-Agha AE (2017) The Benefit of Vitamin D Therapy on Psychological Aspects in Children and Adolescents in Western Saudi Arabia. J Diabetes Metab 8:748. doi:10.4172/2155-6156.1000748
Copyright: © 2017 Arfaj LK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a major public health problem worldwide, including in children of Saudi Arabia. Vitamin D has numerous beneficial skeletal and non-skeletal physiological effects. Vitamin D is not only essential for bone health, but also promotes proper brain development and functioning. Vitamin D also serves many important functions, such as promoting calcium absorption and reducing inflammation.
Aim: To investigate the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and psychological impacts in children and adolescents, and to determine whether vitamin D therapy has beneficial psychological effects in this population.
Study design: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The sample included 181 young children and adolescents between 2 and 18 years of age (88 females, 93 male) from various regions of the city. Relevant data were collected during clinic interviews. Data were analyzed using a chi-square test for nominal data. Interview data were used to compare pre- and post-vitamin D treatment factors.
Results: Psychological manifestations associated with vitamin D deficiency were commonly seen between 6-12 years of age (40.9%), 2-6 years of age (38.1%), and 12-18 years of age (21.0%). Males (51.4%) exhibited higher rate of deficiency when compared to females (48.6%), although this relationship was not statistically significant (pvalue= 0.441). Most males and females displayed insufficient vitamin D levels. A significant improvement in psychological symptoms was noted with vitamin D therapy (p-value<0.05).
Conclusion: A correlational relationship between vitamin D deficiency and psychological problems was revealed in children and adolescents, through comparison of improvements psychological issues following vitamin D therapy.