The Benefits of Yoga for Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Systematic Review of the LiteratureRuth McCaffrey1* and Juyoung Park2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ruth McCaffrey
Distinguished Professor, College of Nursing
Florida Atlantic University, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: September 11, 2012; Accepted Date: September 13, 2012; Published Date: September 15, 2012
Citation: McCaffrey R, Park J (2012) The Benefits of Yoga for Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Systematic Review of the Literature. J Yoga Phys Ther 2:122. doi: 10.4172/2157-7595.1000122
Copyright: © 2012 McCaffrey R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The objective of this literature review is to gain insight into the effectiveness of yoga as a therapy for musculoskeletal disorders. An extensive search of databases was performed to identify studies on yoga interventions and the effectiveness of yoga in people with the disorders. This review identified intervention studies that used randomized controlled trials, as well as nonrandomized controlled trials, and summarized and synthesized evidence of effectiveness of yoga. A literature search yielded 31 intervention studies that met inclusion criteria and they were included in this review. Based on the reviewed studies, yoga intervention is moderately feasible and is likely to be equal to or superior to exercise or usual care for reducing pain and pain medication use. Methodological limitations are identified in many of the studies, such as sample size, lack of reliable sham controls, and not blinding researchers to treatment and nontreatment groups.