alexa The Chicken Egg: A “Nature’s Miracle”
ISSN: 2168-9296

Cell & Developmental Biology
Open Access

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Short Communication

The Chicken Egg: A “Nature’s Miracle”

Angel A Justiz Vaillant* and Sehlule Vuma
Department of Para-Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies
*Corresponding Author : Angel A Justiz Vaillant
Department of Para-Clinical Sciences
Faculty of Medical Sciences
The University of the West Indies
St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
West Indies
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 26, 2015; Accepted February 25, 2015; Published March 03, 2015
Citation: Vaillant AAJ, Vuma S (2015) The Chicken Egg: A “Nature’s Miracle”. Cell Dev Biol 4:150. doi:10.4172/2168-9296.1000150
Copyright: ©2015 Vaillant AAJ. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The avian egg has great importance because is an important part of the human consumption. This paper provides the rational for the use of eggs in immunology and opens new horizons for future endeavours including the study of its strong immune system that protect the embryo. Chickens were vaccinated with several immunogens including viral and bacterial proteins and the titre of antibodies produced was assessed by several immunological techniques including staphylococcal protein-A (SpA) affinity chromatography, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays (ELISAs) and dot blot analysis. This study proved that immunizations of laying hens or oral administration of hyper-immune eggs produced an effective immune response against the viral and bacterial antigens used to protect the embryo and it makes a novel contribution in the field of the immunoglobulin Y (IgY) technology. The anti-SpA antibodies are important because they can be diagnostically used or employ in the therapy of S. aureus infections as antimicrobials. The anti-HIV antibody developed can be used as a chemical reagent in immunoassays to diagnose HIV infections.

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