alexa The Complete Mitochondrial Genome and Phylogenetic Anal
ISSN: 2168-9849

Cloning & Transgenesis
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Research Article

The Complete Mitochondrial Genome and Phylogenetic Analysis of Chinese Jianchang Horse (Equus caballus)

Xia Xiao1, Shizhong Yang2, Daijun Lin2, Yi Wang2, Yuxiang Hua1, Yan Wang1 and Linjie Wang1*
1Farm Animal Genetic Resources Exploration and Innovation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, College of Animal Science and Technology, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, PR China
2Liangshan Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Xichang 615042, PR China
*Corresponding Author : Linjie Wang
Farm Animal Genetic Resources Exploration and
Innovation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province
College of Animal Science and Technology, Sichuan
Agricultural University, Chengdu 11130, China
Tel: 086-0835-2885700
Fax: 086-0835-2886080
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 22, 2015; Accepted March 22, 2016; Published March 30, 2016
Citation: Xiao X, Yang S, Lin D, Wang Y, Hua Y, et al. (2016) The Complete Mitochondrial Genome and Phylogenetic Analysis of Chinese Jianchang Horse (Equus caballus). Clon Transgen 5:149. doi:10.4172/2168-9849.1000149
Copyright: © 2016 Xiao X, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

The Jianchang horse (Equus caballus), a famous breed in the southwest regions of China, has excellent mountainous adaptation. The domestic Jianchang horse is popular in China, but information on its origin and evolution is still limited. In this study, we generate complete mitochondrial genome sequences of Jianchang horse. It is 16,614 bp in length, containing 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, 13 protein-coding genes and and a noncoding control region (D-loop region). And it was found to be similar to other horse mitochondrial genomes. However, there were 105 nucleotide substitutions in the 13 protein-coding genes. The phylogenetic tree analysis was shown that Jianchang horse was significantly clustered as the clade with Debao and Yunnan horse. This genomic data provides useful information for further studies on the genetic diversity and origin of the Jianchang horse population.

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