The Cuban Ocular Trauma Registry
|Roberto Alejandro Guerra García1*, Diley Pérez García1, Frank Eguía Martínez1, Yannara Elina Columbié Garbey2 and Raúl Rúa Martínez1|
|1Member of the Vitreo-Retinal Service at the Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología and a Research Associate at The University of La Habana, Cuba|
|2Member of the Neurophthalmology Service at the Instituto de Neurología y Neurocirugía and a Research Associate at The University of La Habana, Cuba|
|Corresponding Author :||Roberto Alejandro Guerra García
Member of the Vitreo-Retinal Service at the Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología and a Research
Associate at The University of La Habana, Cuba
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received: February 14, 2013; Accepted: April 22, 2013; Published: April 28, 2013|
|Citation: Guerra García RA, García DP, Martínez FE, Columbié Garbey YE, Martínez RR (2013) The Cuban Ocular Trauma Registry. J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 4:276. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000276|
|Copyright: © 2013 Guerra García RA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Purpose: To create an ocular trauma registry and analyze the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of serious eye injuries in Cuba.
Methods: Analysis of information from 120 eyes entered in the Cuban Ocular Trauma Registry was done. Age, gender, trauma scenarios, use of eye protection, cause and type of eye injury, ocular structure involvement and initial and final best-corrected visual acuity at 3 months of follow-up were addressed. Legal blindness was defined as visual acuity worse than 20/200.
Results: The mean age was 38 years with a male predominance. No less than 43 percent of ocular trauma took place at home. Hammering on metal was the main source of injury in 39 percent of patients. Intraocular foreign body was seen in 48 percent of lesions. Fifty-one percent ended with vision better than 20/200 and 49 percent had legal blindness in the injured eye.
Conclusions: The creation of our Ocular Trauma Registry has allowed us to recognize the specific features of ocular injury in our country. Preventive measures based on these results should reduce the incidence of blinding trauma.