The Culture of Falls and Fear of Falling: A Phenomenological Study
Leonard G. Trujillo*, Jane A. Painter and Caroline R. Berry
Department of Occupational Therapy, Greenville, NC, USA
- Corresponding Author:
- Leonard G. Trujillo
Department of Occupational Therapy, Associate Professor
College of Allied Health Sciences
3305 E Health Sciences Building, Greenville, NC, USA
Tel: (252) 744-6195
Fax: (252) 744-6198
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 30, 2014; Accepted Date: July 27, 2014; Published Date: August 02, 2014
Citation: Trujillo LG, Painter JA, Berry CR (2014) The Culture of Falls and Fear of Falling: A Phenomenological Study. J Women’s Health Care 3:178. doi:10.4172/2167-0420.1000178
Copyright: © 2014 Trujillo LG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Purpose: This phenomenological study explored and described the lived experiences of community-dwelling older adults regarding what falls and fear of falling meant to them, and how each entity influenced self-efficacy, functional performance, and degree of engagement in occupations.
Methods: Thirty-one older adults, 58 to 94 years old, were interviewed one time at a senior center or continual care retirement community. All interviews were analyzed using QSR NUD*IST 6 software.
Results: Three main themes emerged: 1) highly fearful, and having their lives affected by the fear of falling; 2) having fallen, but rationalized their fears and modified their lives accordingly; and, 3) felt they had not fallen by their definition and remained active in place.
Conclusion: Findings suggest the importance for practitioners to listen and understand their clients’ stories and perceptions of how they are selectively engaging in life’s activities while maintaining a personal perception of living an active life style.