alexa The Effect of Gorbachevs Anti-alcohol Campaign on Road Traffic Accidents Mortality in Belarus | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2329-6488

Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence
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Research Article

The Effect of Gorbachevs Anti-alcohol Campaign on Road Traffic Accidents Mortality in Belarus

Razvodovsky YE*

International Academy of Sobriety, Central Scientific Laboratory, Grodno State Medical University, Belarus

*Corresponding Author:
Razvodovsky YE
International Academy of Sobriety
Central Scientific Laboratory
Grodno State Medical University
80 Gorky Street
Grodno 230009, Belarus
Tel: + 375 0152 70 18 84
Fax: +375 0152 43 53 41
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 13, 2016; Accepted date: May 27, 2016; Published date: May 30, 2016

Citation: Razvodovsky YE (2016) The Effect of Gorbachev’s Anti-alcohol Campaign on Road Traffic Accidents Mortality in Belarus. J Alcohol Drug Depend 4:241. doi: 10.4172/2329-6488.1000241

Copyright: © 2016 Razvodovsky YE. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: The former Soviet republic Belarus has one of the highest road traffic fatality rates due to drunk driving, poor road conditions, and an out-dated vehicle fleet.

Aim: The aim of the present paper was to analyse the trends in BAC-positive and BAC-negative road traffic accidents mortality in Belarus in relation to aggregate-level alcohol consumption.

Method: Trends in aggregate alcohol consumption and BAC-positive and BAC-negative road traffic accidents mortality rates from 1979 to 2007 were analysed in order to asses bivariate relationship between the two time series.

Results: The outcome indicated statistically significant cross-correlation between alcohol consumption levels and number of BAC-positive fatal road traffic accidents at zero (r=0.42; SE=0.20) and at first lag (r=0.57; SE=0.20). At the same time, there was no relation between alcohol consumption level and BAC-negative fatal road traffic accidents.

Conclusion: This study suggests that the overall level of alcohol consumption is an important determinant of alcohol-related road traffic accidents mortality rates.

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