The Effect of Heat Application on Microhardness of Glass Ionomer Cement and on Pulp Temperature-What to Use in the ClinicMichal Malul and Uri Zilberman*
Resident at the Pediatric Dental Clinic, Barzilai Medical University Center, Ashkelon, Affiliated to Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Uri Zilberman, Professor
Head of the Pediatric Dental Clinic
Barzilai Medical University Center
Ashkelon, Affiliated to Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: January 06, 2016 Accepted date: January 14, 2016 Published date: January 24, 2016
Citation: Malul M, Zilberman U (2016) The Effect of Heat Application on Microhardness of Glass Ionomer Cement and on Pulp Temperature-What to Use in the Clinic. Oral health case Rep 1:105. doi:10.4172/2471-8726.1000105
Copyright: © 2016 Malul M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Abstract Objectives: To examine the effect of energy application on microhardness of glass-ionomer cement (GIC), and the effect of the temperature applied on pulp temperature, in vitro and in vivo. Methods: Discs of EQUIA (GC Co. Japan) were examined for microhardness using Vickers indentations after heat application of 50 or 60oC for 30 or 60 seconds using light curing devices or a specific heating device, and compared to self setting GIC. The measurements were performed after 30, 60 minutes and after 5 days. Heat was applied to GIC occlusal restorations in deciduous and permanent teeth both in vitro and in vivo and the effect on pulp temperature was measured using a thermo-coupling device. Results: The best microhardness results were observed using a specific heating device at 50oC for 30 or 60 seconds, and the differences to self setting material after 60 minutes were statistically significant. After 5 days the differences in microhardness were non-significant. Temperature of 60oC caused the pulp temperature to rise with more than the accepted 5.5oC and may cause irreversible damage to the pulp. Similar pulpal temperature changes were observed in vitro and in vivo in deciduous and permanent teeth. Significance: The application of heat energy to GIC using a heating device improved the surface microhardness significantly during the first 60 minutes. The temperature to be used is around 50oC for 30 or 60 seconds in order not to cause irreversible damage to the pulp.