The Effect of Individualized Dietary Intervention in Anthropometric Profile Improvement and Metabolic Control of Sedentary Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes in Brazil
|Orion Araújo Carneiro1, Danielli Braga de Mello2, Gabriela Morgado de Oliveira Coelho1*, Avany Fernandes Pereira3 and
Eliane de Abreu Soares1
|1 Rio de Janeiro State University, UERJ, RJ, Brasil|
|2 Army School of Physical Education, EsEFEx, EB, RJ, Brasil|
|3 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ, RJ, Brasil|
|Corresponding Author :||Gabriela Morgado de Oliveira Coelho
Rio de Janeiro State University
Rua Fernando Moncorvo, 159
Barra da Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received March 20, 2014; Accepted April 25, 2014; Published May 30, 2014|
|Citation: Carneiro OA, de Mello DB, de Oliveira Coelho GM, Pereira AF, et al. (2014) The Effect of Individualized Dietary Intervention in Anthropometric Profile Improvement and Metabolic Control of Sedentary Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes in Brazil. Gen Med (Los Angel) 2:139. doi: 10.4172/2327-5146.1000139|
|Copyright: © 2014 Carneiro OA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Objective: To evaluate the effect of individualized dietary intervention on nutritional diagnosis and metabolic control in sedentary subjects with type 2-diabetes.
Materials and Methods: This controlled clinical trial, investigated 80 adults, of both sexes, divided into intervention group (IG: 40 individuals with dietary intervention and hypoglycemic drug) and control group (CG: 40 individuals with hypoglycemic drug). Individualized dietary intervention was conducted, for 3 months, based on the American Diabetes Association (2002). We evaluated anthropometric variables: total body mass (TBM) and height to calculate body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC); biochemical variables: blood glucose, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c); and dietary variables: energy, macronutrients, cholesterol and fibers. For inferential statistics two-way ANOVA was used with significant level of 95%.
Results: In the inter group analysis, the CG showed significant increase in TBM (Δ%=0.78), BMI (Δ%=0.76), WC (Δ%=0.75); whereas IG showed significant decrease in TBM (Δ%=-3.71), BMI (Δ%=-3.77), WC (Δ%=-3.98). In comparing the mean RI inter groups, there was significant difference in energy, lipids, saturated fats, cholesterol, fibers; blood glucose, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and HbA1c.
Conclusions: The individualized dietary intervention was efficient in the improvement of anthropometric and biochemical variables of sedentary individuals with type 2 diabetes.