alexa The Effect of Mood on Post-Operative Pain and the Reliability and Validity of the Wisconsin Brief Pain Questionnaire Adapted on Black South Africans | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-9562

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology
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Research Article

The Effect of Mood on Post-Operative Pain and the Reliability and Validity of the Wisconsin Brief Pain Questionnaire Adapted on Black South Africans

Esther Queen Mokhuane*

Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Limpopo, Medunsa Campus, Box 110, P. O. Medunsa, 0204, South Africa

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Esther Queen Mokhuane
Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Limpopo, Medunsa Campus, Box 110, P. O. Medunsa, 0204, South Africa
Tel: +2712 521 4072
Fax: +2712 521 4072
E-mail: [email protected] worldonline.co.za

Received date: April 08, 2011; Accepted date: June 30, 2011; Published date: July 06, 2011

Citation: Mokhuane EQ (2011) The Effect of Mood on Post-Operative Pain and the Reliability and Validity of the Wisconsin Brief Pain Questionnaire Adapted on Black South Africans. J Neurol Neurophysiol 2:113. doi:10.4172/2155-9562.1000113

Copyright: © 2011 Mokhuane EQ. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Pain is a multidimensional phenomenon and the primary objective of all assessment tools is to gather accurate, subjective and objective information relevant to the pain that the patient is experiencing. This information plays a vital role in the diagnostic process and the treatment given to the patient. Thus it is of paramount importance that these pain measures are valid and reliable. Measures of pain are predominately developed in Western countries. This study investigated pre-surgical moods and their effect on acute pain following surgery including the reliability and validity of the Profile of Mood State (POMS), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Wisconsin Brief Pain Questionnaire (WBPQ). These measures in particular have been developed in the United States of America and had to be adapted to the South African context using Setswana-speaking participants at George Mukhari Hospital formerly known as Ga-Rankuwa Hospital in South Africa. A biographical questionnaire was developed by the researcher for gathering background information of the participants. The POMS and the WBPQ were translated from English to Setswana using back-translation and were administered to a sample of 58 patients pre-operatively. VAS and WBPQ were administered post-operatively. The POMS was administered to determine the relationship of mood states to postoperative pain. Correlations were calculated between the six mood states scales that showed acceptable reliability but divergent validity was not confirmed. Concurrent and predictive validity between VAS and WBPQ was high and both measures have reasonable repeated-measures reliability.

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