alexa The Effect of Plaque Removal on Pressure Drop and Flow
ISSN: 0974-8369

Biology and Medicine
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

The Effect of Plaque Removal on Pressure Drop and Flow Rate through an Idealized Stenotic Lesion

Brian D. Plourde1, Lauren J. Vallez1, Biyuan Sun1, John P. Abraham1* and Cezar S. Staniloe2

1University of St. Thomas, School of Engineering, 2115 Summit Ave, St. Paul and Minneapolis, Minnesota 55105-1079, United States

2NYU Langone Medical Center, 333 East 38th St, New York 10016, United States

*Corresponding Author:
John P. Abraham
University of St. Thomas
School of Engineering
2115 Summit Ave, St. Paul and Minneapolis
Minnesota 55105-1079, United States
Tel: 651-962-5766
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: December 07, 2015; Accepted date: December 15, 2015; Published date: December 21, 2015

Citation: Plourde BD, Vallez LJ, Sun B, Abraham JP, Staniloe CS (2015) The Effect of Plaque Removal on Pressure Drop and Flow Rate through an Idealized Stenotic Lesion. Biol Med (Aligarh) 8:261. doi:10.4172/0974-8369.1000261

Copyright: © Plourde, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Numerical calculations have been performed to quantify the importance of plaque removal on blood flow. The artery under consideration is the popliteal artery which is susceptible to plaque lesions. An orbital artherectomy device was used to partially remove a calcified plaque layer. Measurements taken before and after the treatment were used in idealized calculations and pressure losses through the lesion were determined. It was found that the removal of plaque by orbital atherectomy increases the blood flowrate through the artery. At the same time, there is a major reduction of pressure loss through the lesion. After treatment, the systolic pressure drop was 2.5 times less than prior to treatment. The cycle-averaged pressure drop was improved by a factor of 3.5. The results are similar for a wide range of plaque lesion lengths (from 3 mm to 18 mm). A deeper investigation into the source of pressure loss reveals that the majority of the loss is confined to the entrance of the lesion and is caused by flow acceleration (and later deceleration) rather than by friction. The calculations were repeated with three increasingly complex numerical methods (steady laminar, unsteady laminar, and unsteady transitional). It was found that all methods were in good agreement so that more computationally expensive techniques are not required in order to obtain accurate results. The results of the simulation were compared with clinical pressure measurements before and after treatment. The two results were found to be in good agreement.


Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version