The Effect of Replacing Maize with Sorghum on Carcass Characteristics and Economics Feasibility on Commercial Broiler ChickenKefyalew Gebeyew1*, Abdo Mohamed1 and Mengistu Urge2
1Jigjiga University, Collage of Dry Land Agriculture, PO Box 1020, Jigjiga, Ethiopia
2Haramaya University, School of Animal and Range Science, PO Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Kefyalew Gebeyew
Jigjiga University, Collage of Dry Land Agriculture
PO Box 1020, Jigjiga, Ethiopia
Tel: 00251-025 775 2779
Fax: 00251-025 775 5947/76
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 03, 2015 Accepted Date: April 27, 2015 Published Date: May 30, 2015
Citation: Gebeyew K, Mohamed A, Urge M (2015) The Effect of Replacing Maize with Sorghum on Carcass Characteristics and Economics Feasibility on Commercial Broiler Chicken. Poult Fish Wildl Sci 3:130. doi:10.4172/2375- 446X.1000130
Copyright: © 2015 Gebeyew K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Maize occupy the largest part in poultry ration, but its availability in the future is under question, because the higher demand to different industrial product, so it is important to find locally available feed which can replace maize either totally or in part. The experiment was conducted with aimed to evaluate replacement of maize by sorghum on carcass characteristics and economic feasibility of feeding different level of sorghum on Hubbard classic broiler chicken. Methodology: Two-hundred forty chicks day-old with initial body weight of 42.5 ± 0.24 g were used for the experiment in complete randomized design. The experiment consisted of 28 days starter phase and 21 days finisher phase. The treatment were T1 (maize based, control), T2 (15% sorghum), T3 (30% sorghum), and T4 (45% sorghum). The experiment lasted for 7 weeks. At the end of the experimental period, 12 broilers from each treatment were randomly selected and slaughtered to evaluate carcass parameters. Results: Significant difference was observed in slaughter weight (P<0.05). Dressed, eviscerated, drumstick, thigh, breast meat weight was lower (P<0.01) for control groups and abdominal fat was not significantly (P>0.05) different between the treatment and the control group. Crop, pro-ventricular, gizzard, small intestine and liver weight was significantly higher (P<0.01). Mortality was not significant (P>0.05) among treatments and the control. The highest net return from cost benefit analysis was seen in T4. Conclusion: From the present study, it can be concluded that replacement of sorghum with maize up to 45% appeared to be biologically better, not having adverse effect on broiler performance and Economic feasible.