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ISSN: 2161-0673

Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies
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Research Article

The Effect of the Steroid Era on Major League Baseball Hitters: Did It Enhance Hitting?

Brandon J Erickson*, Adam Yanke, Brett Monson and Anthony Romeo

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Brandon J Erickson
Professor, Section Head
Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Department of Orthopedic Surgery
Division of Sports Medicine
Rush University Medical Center, USA
Tel: 732-492-5775
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: May 05, 2015 Accepted Date: May 29, 2015 Published Date: May 31, 2015

Citation: Erickson BJ, Yanke A, Monson B, Romeo A (2015) The Effect of the Steroid Era on Major League Baseball Hitters: Did It Enhance Hitting?. J Sports Med Doping Stud 5:161. doi:10.4172/2161-0673.1000161

Copyright: © 2015 Erickson BJ, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits
unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: The “steroid era” in Major League Baseball (MLB) was a time when drug testing for performance enhancing drugs (PED) was not routinely performed.

Purpose: To determine if there was a correlation between the steroid era and home runs, batting average, and isolated power (ISO) in MLB players.
Methods: Home run, batting average, and ISO data from 1973 to 2012 was collected and analyzed. The data from the steroid era 1993-2002 was compared to the pre steroid eras 1973-1982, 1983-1992, and post steroid era 2003-2012.
Results: There was no statistically significant increase in the number of home runs (HR) hit by the American League (AL), National League (NL) or overall in MLB. There was no statistically significant increase in the ISO or highest yearly single player HR total during the steroid era. There were significantly more players who hit 40 or more HR per season during 1993-2002 compared to each of the other time periods (p<0.002). Throughout all time periods, there was no significant change in batting average.
Conclusion: There was a significant increase in players who hit more than 40 HR in a single season during the steroid era compared to before and after this time period.

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