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The Effect on Quality of Life and Psychiatric Symptoms of Other Comorbid Chronic Diseases on Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6156

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism
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Research Article

The Effect on Quality of Life and Psychiatric Symptoms of Other Comorbid Chronic Diseases on Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Ilkay Ozdemir1, Cicek Hocaoglu2*, Mustafa Kocak3 and Onder H Ersoz3

1Health Directorate, Trabzon, Turkey

2Department of Psychiatry, University of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Rize, Turkey

3Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey

*Corresponding Author:
Cicek Hocaoglu
Department of Psychiatry
Medical School, University of Recep Tayyip Erdogan
53000, Rize, Turkey
Tel: +90 4642123000
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: August 30, 2012; Accepted date: October 15, 2012; Published date: October 21, 2012

Citation: Ozdemir I, Hocaoglu C, Kocak M, Ersoz OH (2012) The Effect on Quality of Life and Psychiatric Symptoms of other Co-morbid Chronic Diseases on Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. J Diabetes Metab 3:221. doi:10.4172/2155-6156.1000221

Copyright: © 2012 Ozdemir I, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Objective: This study was intended to examine the associations between psychiatric symptoms and quality of life in patients with diabetes and other co-morbid chronic physical diseases and sociodemographic variables.

Method: One hundred randomly selected consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) admitted to the Department of Endocrinology out-patient clinic at the Karadeniz Technical University were enrolled. One hundred age-, gender- and marital status-matched volunteers served as the control group. The sociodemographic data form, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) and Short Form-36 (SF–36) were completed for all participants.

Results: Patient group education and income levels were lower than those of the controls. When SF-36 scores were compared in terms of presence or absence of co-morbid disease in addition to diabetes, mean scores of subjects with chronic disease were lower in the patient and control groups. When HAD-A and HAD-D mean scores were compared in terms of the presence or absence of other co-morbid chronic disease, both sub-scale scores were higher in those members of the patient group with chronic diseases.

Conclusions: This study establishes that diabetes causes an extreme deterioration in patients’ quality of life and gives rise to many accompanying clinical signs. Our study thus emphasizes the need for consultation and liaison between departments.


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