The Effects of Rural Youth Outmigration on Migrant-sending Households in Gojjam and Wolayta, EthiopiaTeferee Makonnen Kassa*
Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Kotebe University College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Makonnen KT
Department of Geography and Environmental Studies
Kotebe University College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 20, 2016; Accepted Date: October 07, 2016; Published Date: October 14, 2016
Citation: Makonnen KT (2016) The Effects of Rural Youth Outmigration on Migrant-sending Households in Gojjam and Wolayta, Ethiopia. Arts Social Sci J 7: 222. doi:10.4172/2151-6200.1000222
Copyright: © 2016 Makonnen KT. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Rural youth outmigration from densely populated agricultural areas is a common phenomenon in Ethiopia. The purpose of this study is to assess the impacts of youth outmigration on the socioeconomic and demographic behavior of migrant-sending households using survey data and in-depth interviews. The findings revealed that remittances are considered important by the migrant-sending households to enhance asset formation, increase levels of income and consumption, improve debt repayment position, and augment family member’s education and medication. The study further underscored the positive impacts of youth rural outmigration in improving humanenvironment relations through fertility reduction and easing population pressure, and mitigation of harmful traditional practices.