The Effects of X-rays (Radiation) on Embryonic and Fetal during Developmental Pregnancy StagesMusa Garba Abdullahi1,2* and Mohd Ekhwan Toriman2
- Corresponding Author:
- Musa Garba Abdullahi
Research Student, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
East Coast Environmental Research Institute
Gong Badak Kampus, Kuala Terengganu
Terengganu - 21300, Malaysia
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
Received Date: March 28, 2015; Accepted Date: June 08, 2015; Published Date: June 12, 2015
Citation: Abdullahi MG, Toriman ME (2015) The Effects of X-rays (Radiation) on Embryonic and Fetal during Developmental Pregnancy Stages. J Nucl Med Radiat Ther 6:231. doi:10.4172/2155-9619.1000231
Copyright: © 2015 Abdullahi MG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Preconception irradiation of either parent’s gonads has not result in increased cancer or malformation in their children. The radiation dose and gestational ages during X-rays is the yard stick for measuring whether it will have an effect on the embryo or foetus at the time of exposure. During X-rays, high dose of ionizing radiation on embryo or foetus may causes some effects such as miscarriage, restriction of fetal growth, congenital malformation (which include microcephaly), or lead to mental retardation sometimes can cause cancer during childhood.
The experimental observation showed that, radiation-induced of 100mGy equal to 10rads, may usually result to death of the embryo that may kill up to 20% of human embryos or fetuses. The radiation-induced of 5000 mGy equivalent to 500 rads also kill 100% of human embryos or fetuses before 18 weeks gestation. Therefore, it is recommended that during pregnancy or developmental stages X-rays of high dose is not advisable.