The Efficiency of a Behavioral Intervention Program for Urinary Incontinence in Elderly Females
|Fariba Ghodsbin1, Marzeiah Kargar1*, Iran Jahanbin1 and Mohammad Mahdi Sagheb2|
|1Department of community health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran|
|2Namazee Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran|
|Corresponding Author :||Kargar M
Department of community health Nursing
School of Nursing and Midwifery
Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received August 18, 2012; Accepted October 19, 2012; Published October 22, 2012|
|Citation: Ghodsbin F, Kargar M, Jahanbin I, Sagheb MM (2012) The Efficiency of a Behavioral Intervention Program for Urinary Incontinence in Elderly Females. J Nurs Care 1:122. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000122|
|Copyright: © 2012 Ghodsbin F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Background: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a women’s health problem that imposes major problems for personal quality of life.
Objective: The aim is to determine the effect of a Behavioral Intervention Program on the quality of life of the elderly females with urinary incontinence, who referred to Jahandidegan center in Shiraz-Iran, 2011.
Material and methods: The participants consisted of 60 women aged 60-74 years with QUID questionnaire’s scores for different types of incontinence (stress score ≥ 4, urge score ≥ 6 and mix score ≥ 10). QUID questionnaire was used for patients with urinary incontinence. It also gave us the possibility to determine the types of urinary incontinence. For matching, we placed an equal numbers of each type of urinary incontinence in each group. Ten subjects from each type were placed in two groups of 30 each (intervention and control groups). Then, incontinence quality of life questionnaire (I-QOL) was used to estimate the impact of incontinence on the participants’ quality of life.
After the completion of a Behavioral Intervention Program and 2 months later, I-QOL questionnaire was completed by the intervention and control groups. Descriptive statistics, paired t-test and repeated measurement were used to analyze the data.
Results: Overall, the program was effective in relieving symptoms by improving quality of life related to urinary incontinence, and this effect continued after a 2 months period.
Conclusion: Behavioral therapy was an empowerment mechanism for incontinent women in improving their quality of life. Thus, it is suggested that the health care providers pay more attention to this issue and train women regarding the prevention of urinary incontinence.