alexa The Epidemiology and Economic Impact of Rhinosinusitis
ISSN: 2155-9627

Journal of Clinical Research & Bioethics
Open Access

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Research Article

The Epidemiology and Economic Impact of Rhinosinusitis in Jos, North Central Nigeria

Adeyi A. Adoga1* and Nuhu D. Ma’an2

1Consultant otolaryngologist, Otorhinolaryngology Unit, Department of Surgery, Jos University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2076, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

2Registrar, Otorhinolaryngology Unit, Department of Surgery, Jos University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2076, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Adeyi A Adoga
Consultant otolaryngologist
Otorhinolaryngology Unit
Department of Surgery, Jos University Teaching
Hospital, PMB 2076, Jos
Plateau State Nigeria
Tel: +234-803- 3897-283;
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: May 02, 2011; Accepted Date: August 29, 2011; Published Date: September 25, 2011

Citation: Adoga AA, Ma’an ND (2011) The Epidemiology and Economic Impact of Rhinosinusitis in Jos, North Central Nigeria. J Clinic Res Bioeth 2:116. doi:10.4172/2155-9627.1000116

Copyright: © 2011 Adoga AA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Reports on the epidemiology of Rhinosinusitis in Nigeria are scarce and that on its economic impact is lacking. The aim of this work is to assess the prevalence and economic impact of rhinosinusitis in Jos, North-Central Nigeria. This is a one year prospective survey of patients presenting with rhinosinusitis at the Jos University Teaching Hospital. Patients were evaluated for age, gender, occupation, and duration of illness, the economic cost of consultation, investigations, treatment and the type of complications seen. Of the 486 new cases seen, 120 (24.7%) patients aged between 3 and 60 years presented with rhinosinusitis. The male to female ratio was 1:1.5. Forty two (35%) patients were aged between 31 and 40 years. Unemployed individuals constituted the majority. All patients were commenced on medical treatment and 16 (1.3%) surgeries were done. Complication rate was 2.8%. The recorded financial cost for initial treatment was 6,450 naira ($42US) and 41,450 naira ($269.2US) for patients requiring surgery/hospitalization. The prevalence of rhinosinusitis is high in our center. The economic burden of this disease is enormous for patients in our region where the monthly minimum wage is 7,500 Naira ($49US) and health care cost is the responsibility of the patient.

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