The First Molecular Detection of Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus (Caev) in Iran
- *Corresponding Author:
- Gholam Ali Kojouri
Department of Clinical Sciences
School of Veterinary Medicine
Shahrekord University, Iran
Tel/Fax: +98 381 4424427
E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]
Received date: March 29, 2014; Accepted date: July 25, 2014; Published date: July 28, 2014
Citation: Kojouri GA, Emami M, Momtaz H (2014) The First Molecular Detection of Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus (Caev) in Iran. J Veterinar Sci Technol 5:184 doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000184
Copyright: © 2014 Kojouri GA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV) is a retrovirus that naturally infects goats and induces chronic inflammatory and degenerative disease. Infection of goats has a worldwide distribution but it has not been previously recognized by molecular method in Iran. For this reason, 95 blood samples were taken from 4 months to 3 years goats to determine naturally infected animals with caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. The PCR primers were designed to amplify a 433 base pair region of the proviral gag gene. Results showed that 15.7 percent of sampled goats (15 cases) were positive for CAEV. The present study was confirmed the presence of CAEV genome in goats flock of Iran for the first time.