alexa The First Molecular Detection of Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus (Caev) in Iran | OMICS International
ISSN: 2157-7579

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology
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Research Article

The First Molecular Detection of Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus (Caev) in Iran

Gholam Ali Kojouri1*, Mojdeh Emami1 and Hasan Momtaz2

1Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord University, Iran

2Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord Azad University, Iran

*Corresponding Author:
Gholam Ali Kojouri
Department of Clinical Sciences
School of Veterinary Medicine
Shahrekord University, Iran
Tel/Fax: +98 381 4424427
E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]

Received date: March 29, 2014; Accepted date: July 25, 2014; Published date: July 28, 2014

Citation: Kojouri GA, Emami M, Momtaz H (2014) The First Molecular Detection of Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus (Caev) in Iran. J Veterinar Sci Technol 5:184 doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000184

Copyright: © 2014 Kojouri GA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV) is a retrovirus that naturally infects goats and induces chronic inflammatory and degenerative disease. Infection of goats has a worldwide distribution but it has not been previously recognized by molecular method in Iran. For this reason, 95 blood samples were taken from 4 months to 3 years goats to determine naturally infected animals with caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. The PCR primers were designed to amplify a 433 base pair region of the proviral gag gene. Results showed that 15.7 percent of sampled goats (15 cases) were positive for CAEV. The present study was confirmed the presence of CAEV genome in goats flock of Iran for the first time.

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