The Grandparent-Grandchild Relationship and Its Effects on the Development of Young Children s Social CompetenceYan Li*, Tiantian Liu, Ziwei Gao and Huihua He
Department of Education, Shanghai Normal University, China
- *Corresponding Author:
- Yan Li
Department of Education, Shanghai
Normal University, No. 100
Guilin Road, Shanghai 200234, China
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: Nov 14, 2016; Accepted date: Dec 02, 2016; Published date: Dec 04, 2016
Citation: Li Y, Liu T, Gao Z, He H (2016) The Grandparent-Grandchild Relationship and Its Effects on the Development of Young Children’s Social Competence. J Gerontol Geriatr Res 5:374. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000374
Copyright: © 2016 Li Y, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: Grandparenting is a widespread phenomenon in Mainland China. In the present study, we examined the grandparents-grandchildren relationship and its influences on preschool children’s social competence.
Methods: One hundred and ninety-nine elder adults who live together with their young grandchildren completed Grandparents-grandchildren Relationship Scale with demographic information. The children’s social competence were reported by their teachers.
Results: Correlation analyses showed that all dimensions of grandparents-grandchildren relationship were significant correlated with young children’s social competence. Regression analyses some significant effects of some dimensions of the relationship of grandparents-grandchildren on children’s social competence (intimacy, β=6.137, SE=1.170, p<0.01; direction-sharing, β=4.631, SE=0.802, p<0.01; avoidance, β=-1.370, SE=0.662, p=0.04, and conflict-restriction, β=-5.176, SE=0.475, p<0.01).
Conclusion: We can evaluate the relationship of grandparents-grandchildren from 6 dimensions and this relationship could predict the children’s social competence: the level of intimacy and direction-sharing could positively predict the children’s social competence while the level of avoidance and conflict-restriction negatively predict the children’s social competence. Therefore, to enhance children’s social competence, we should do something to increase the grandparents-grandchildren’s intimacy and direction-sharing, and decrease the avoidant and conflict-restrict relation between the two generations.