alexa The Humoral and Cellular Immune Response Characteristic
ISSN: 2161-1009

Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

The Humoral and Cellular Immune Response Characteristic of Propolis Flavonoid Used as Adjuvant to Inactivated PPV Vaccine in Sows

Xia Ma1,2, Zhenhuan Guo2, Yonglu Liu1, Yanzhou Zhou1, Xiaolin Wang1, Zhiqiang Shen2* and Jinliang Wang2

1Medicinal Engineering Department of Henan University of Animal Husbandry and Economy, Zhengzhou, P.R. China

2Binzhou Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine Academy of Shandong Province, P.R. China

*Corresponding Author:
Zhiqiang Shen
Binzhou Animal Science and
Veterinary Medicine Academy of Shandong Province
No.169 Huanghe 2nd Road, Binzhou
Shnadong 256600, P.R. China
Tel: +86-543-3405108
Fax: +86-543-3252652
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: December 12, 2015; Accepted Date: January 25, 2016; Published Date: February 28, 2016

Citation: Ma X, Guo Z, Liu Y, Zhou Y, Wang X, et al. (2016) The Humoral and Cellular Immune Response Characteristic of Propolis Flavonoid Used as Adjuvant to Inactivated PPV Vaccine in Sows. Biochem Anal Biochem 5:242. doi:10.4172/2161-1009.1000242

Copyright: © 2016 Ma X, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



The present study was conducted to assess the effects of propolis flavonoid used as adjuvant on the immune response of Landrace-Yorkshire hybrid sows immunized with an inactivated vaccine of porcine parvovirus (PPV). Thirty Landrace-Yorkshire hybrid sows were randomly assigned to one of 3 groups, and the sows in two adjuvant groups were intramuscular injected PPV vaccine with 2.0 mL propolis flavonoid adjuvant (PA) or oilemulsion adjuvant (OA), respectively. After that, serum hemagglutination inhibition antibody titers, specific IgM, IgA and IgG subclasses were measured to estimate the humoral immunity for the adjuvant effects of propolis flavonoid, as well as peripheral lymphopoiesis activity, and lymphocyte factor concentrations of Th1 and Th2 for cellular immune responses. Results indicated in a significant enhancing effect of PA on concentrations of IgM, IgG2, IgG3, IL-2 and IFN-γ comparing to OA. Especially in improving the effect of Th1 cellular immune response, the PA was superior to OA. These findings suggested that PA can significantly enhance the immune responses against PPV vaccine and could be exploited to a new PPV vaccine in sows.


Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version