The Impression of Enclosure in Persian Garden Design
Abbas MY, Nafisi S and Nafisi N*
Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Malaysia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Nazanin Nafisi
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: January 28, 2016; Accepted Date: March 11, 2016; Published Date: March 21, 2016
Citation: Abbas MY, Nafisi S, Nafisi N (2016) The Impression of Enclosure in Persian Garden Design. J Steel Struct Constr 2:108. doi:10.4172/2472-0437.1000108
Copyright: © 2016 Abbas MY, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The presence of enclosure has been a significant characteristic of Persian gardens in Pre-Islamic and Islamic eras. This concept is also reflected in Persian ate miniature painting where buildings are enclosed by a light fence or a wall. In some cases, especially house gardens, the wall looks much stronger, probably to protect the security of the enclosed area. The organic arrangement of natural elements in the garden associated with the pavilion, however, is in contradiction to the presence of the enclosure. It can be said that in numerous paintings, water is not enclosed anymore, but it is the building (and the paved area close to it) that is covered by a transparent barrier or a well. Traditional Iranian towns highly appreciate the sense of privacy in their old building. For centuries, Iranian houses were divided into two parts “Inside” and “outside”, in which family members solely used the first part while guests used the latter as well. Despite the importance of privacy in traditional Iranian culture, Iranian people were not isolated, and social contacts had an importance. In Persian garden can see two barriers: the decorated wall which separates the urban fabric from the garden and the fence which separates the paved area intended for sitting from the planted area. In this subject, it is appealing to see that these two enclosures divide the main frame into three layers of story in which three different groups of figures are located.