alexa The Influence of Ceramic Far-Infrared Ray (cFIR) Irradi
ISSN: 2157-7587

Hydrology: Current Research
Open Access

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Research Article

The Influence of Ceramic Far-Infrared Ray (cFIR) Irradiation on Water Hydrogen Bonding and its Related Chemo-physical Properties

Leung TK1,2,3*, Lin SL4, Yang TS5, Yang JC5 and Lin YS6
1Department of Physics, Fu Jen Catholic University, Hsinchuang, Taiwan
2Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Taipei Municipal Wanfang Hospital & Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan
3Diagnostic Radiology department, Taipei Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taiwan
4Department of Surgery, Taipei Hospital, Ministry of health and Welfare, No. 117, Su Yuan Road, Hsinzhuang, New Taipei City 242-13, Taiwan
5School of Dental Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
6Department of Applied Cosmetology and Graduate Institute of Cosmetic Science, Hungkuang University, Taichung, Taiwan
Corresponding Author : Leung TK
Department of Physics, Fu Jen Catholic University
No.510, Zhongzheng Rd., Xinzhuang Dist
New Taipei City 24205, Taiwan (R.O.C)
Tel: (886) 2-89255261
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 27, 2014; Accepted July 25, 2014; Published August 05, 2014
Citation: Leung TK, Lin SL, Yang TS, Yang JC, Lin YS (2014) The Influence of Ceramic Far-Infrared Ray (cFIR) Irradiation on Water Hydrogen Bonding and its Related Chemo-physical Properties. Hydrol Current Res 5:174. doi: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000174
Copyright: © 2014 Leung TK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

The property of water is highly related to the earth's environment and climate change. The fundamental
dynamical process of water is include formation and breaking of hydrogen bonds. This dynamic process, so far, is still poorly understood. We investigated weakening of the hydrogen bonds of water after ceramic Far-Infrared Ray (cFIR) irradiation and the resulting effects on physical and chemical properties of water. In this study, the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to explore hydrogen bonding change of cFIR-irradiated water; in addition, capillary viscometers, Gas Chromatographs (GC), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), contact angles, Franz cells,  High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), and capillary electrophoresis analysis were used to evaluate its physical characteristics, such as viscosity, volatility, temperatures of water crystallization, surface tension, diffusion, hydrogen peroxide dissociation, solubility of solid particles, and changes in pH of acetic acid. The cFIR treated water decreased in viscosity and surface tension (contact angles), but increased in the solubility of solid particles, hydrogen peroxide dissociation, temperatures of water crystallization, and acidity of acetic acid. The weakening of water hydrogen bonds caused by cFIR  irradiation is correspondent with our previous medicalbiological
studies on cFIR.

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