alexa The Influence of Macroeconomic Variables on Health Indices, Murder and Mortality: A Case of Jamaica
ISSN: 2329-9126

Journal of General Practice
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

The Influence of Macroeconomic Variables on Health Indices, Murder and Mortality: A Case of Jamaica

Paul Andrew Bourne1*, Mark Mills2, Janinne Campbell-Smith3, Charlene Sharpe-Pryce4, Cynthia Francis5, Ikhalfani Solan6
and Angela Hudson Davis7
1 Socio-Medical Research Institute, Jamaica
2 Criswell College, Dallas Texas, 4010 Gaston Avenue Dallas, TX 75246, USA
3 Cable and Wireless Company, Jamaica
4 Chair, Department of History, Northern Caribbean University, Mandeville, Jamaica
5 University of Technology, Jamaica
6 Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, South Carolina State University
7 Capella University, USA
Corresponding Author : Paul Andrew Bourne
Director, Socio-Medical Research Institute
66 Long Wall Drive, Stony Hill, Kingston 9
Kingston, Jamaica
Tel: (876)5663088
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
Received December 04, 2013; Accepted January 20, 2014; Published January 25, 2014
Citation: Bournev PA, Mills M, Campbell-Smith J, Sharpe-Pryce C, Francis C, et al.(2014) The Influence of Macroeconomic Variables on Health Indices, Murder and Mortality: A Case of Jamaica. J Gen Pract 2:145. doi:10.4172/2329-9126.1000145
Copyright: © 2014 Bournev PA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Related article at
DownloadPubmed DownloadScholar Google

Abstract

Background: A paucity of information exists in the literature that has seen a single study modeling macroeconomic indicators, murder and health indices (i.e., illness rate, health insurance coverage, health care utilization and mortality) in the English-speaking Caribbean. The current paper fills the gap in the literature. Objective: This paper examines how selected macroeconomic variables influence murder, mortality and illhealth. Methods: The data for this study are taken from publications of different governmental organizations, responsible for the collection of pertinent data for the government to carry out policy planning. Ordinary least square regression analyses were used to establish the model for 1) mortality, 2) murder and 3) ill-health. Results: There is a fluctuation of murder rates between the decades in the study period as evidenced by the fact that the average number of murders in Jamaica between 1969 and 1981 was 266. The following decade (1980-1989) saw an 85.3% increase, which subsequently saw a 43.4% reduction by the third decade of the study period (1990-1999). The last decade (2000-2009) saw a 93.5% increase in murders. For the studied period, there was a geometric progression in murders compared to a cyclical change in mortality. There was a strong correlation between murder and health insurance coverage (rs=0.960; P=0.0001), inflation (rs=-0.861; P=0.0001), exchange rate (rs=0.950; P=0.0001); a moderate relationship between mortality and health care utilization (rs=0.654; P=0.001) and no bivariate relationship existed between murder and illness (rs=-0.411, P=0.090). Conclusion: The reality is government should have a coherent policy in place to address these events, as every life lost through murder is important and represents a reduction in potential contribution to economic growth and development.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords