The Influence of Music with Children at Risk in a Hospital Context: Music Therapy Program at the Hospital La Paz from Madrid (Spain)María Jesús del Olmo Barros* and Lorenzo Alicia
Autonoma University from Madrid Spain, Madrid, Spain
- *Corresponding Author:
- María Jesús del Olmo Barros
Director, Music Therapy Master Degree
Autonoma University from Madrid Spain Music
C/Francisco Tomás y Valiente nº 11, Madrid
Madrid 28049, Spain
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: January 28, 2017; Accepted date: February 25, 2017; Published date: February 28, 2017
Citation: Barros MJO, Alicia L (2017) The Influence of Music with Children at Risk in a Hospital Context: Music Therapy Program at the Hospital La Paz from Madrid (Spain). Int J Neurorehabilitation 4:252. doi:10.4172/2376-0281.1000252
Copyright: © 2017 Barros MJO, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Aim: The rate of postdural puncture headache (PDPH) was compared after caesarean section with spinal anesthesia using the 25 gauge spinal needle with the 27 gauge.
Methods: Present study is a randomized clinical trial and 220 full term women entered for caesarean section. We entered full term women randomly for spinal anesthesia with the 25 gauge (group A) and 27 gauge (group B) Quincke spinal needles. In 3 postoperative days, we fallowed and compared Participants in 2 groups for the rate and severity of PDPH. PDPH was defined occipital or frontal headache that made hard the position on sitting or standing.
Results: Data of 220 patients were analyzed. The rate of PDPH was significantly higher in women in group A compared to group B at first (P=0.015), second (P=0.037) and third (P=0.005) follow up days. The severity of the PDPH was not significantly different between 2 groups in three follow up days. The rate of success in spinal anesthesia achievement was not significantly different between 2 groups.
Conclusion: The results of present study recommended that the size of spinal needle can effect on the rate of PDPH after caesarean section.