The Influence of Solvent on the Solvolysis of Ethyl Cinnamate in WaterAcetone Mixed Solvent System
Department of Chemistry, Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Singh AK
Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry
Teerthanker Mahaveer University
Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: February 28, 2017 Accepted Date: March 09, 2017 Published Date: March 30, 2017
Citation: Singh AK (2017) The Influence of Solvent on the Solvolysis of Ethyl Cinnamate in Water-Acetone Mixed Solvent System. Chem Sci J 8: 150. doi: 10.4172/2150-3494.1000150
Copyright: © 2017 Singh AK. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The kinetic of alkaline hydrolysis of ethyl cinnamate was investigated at different percentage of aqua-organic solvent mixture with Acetone (30 to 70% v/v) over the temperature range of 20°C to 40°C. The specific rate constant was found to be decreased with increasing proportion of solvent (Acetone) at all the temperature range. The Iso-composition Activation energy (EC) was also evaluated which decreases with solvent composition in (water-Acetone) system. The number of water molecule associated with the activated complex is found to be increase (0.7003 to 0.786) in waterAcetone system. The thermodynamic activation parameter such as Enthalpy of Activation (Δ H* ), Entropy of Activation (Δ S* ) and Gibb’s free energy of activation (Δ G* ) were also calculated.