alexa The Occurrence of Uterine Benign Diseases and their Histomorphologic Characters

Journal of Forensic Pathology
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Research Article

The Occurrence of Uterine Benign Diseases and their Histomorphologic Characters

Ndubuka GIN1, Jervas E2*, Ngwogu KO3, Okafor WC1, Nkuma-Udah KI1, Iwuji SC1, KO Ejeta1, CI Kamanu3, Ezejiofor TIN4 and Faith W1

1Department of Biomedical Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

2Department of Anatomy, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

3Department of Chemical Pathology and Obstetrics & Gynaecology, ABSUTH, Aba, Nigeria

4Anatomy and Biotechnology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

Corresponding Author:
Jervas E
Department of Anatomy
Federal University of Technology
Owerri, Nigeria
Tel: +234 806 5430037
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 02, 2017; Accepted Date: May 08, 2017; Published Date: May 12, 2017

Citation: Ndubuka GIN, Jervas E, Ngwogu KO, Okafor WC, Nkuma-Udah KI, et al. (2017) The Occurrence of Uterine Benign Diseases and their Histomorphologic Characters. J Foren Path 2:107.

Copyright: © 2017 Ndubuka GIN, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Uterine diseases are several and can develop from any part of the organ. Noticeable benign diseases are type called hydatidiform mole considered benign among gestational trophoblastic disease and is said to occur from abnormal fertilization of abnormal ova. Other forms are inflammatory, proliferative of insidious cell/tissue implant, hormonal induced, and infectious in their origin. Samples were obtained from patients consulted and admitted into Department of Morbid Anatomy of Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital. Clinical and histopathological record books were reviewed alongside processed tissues, and slides stained by popular heamatoxylin and eosin technique in the 3 year study period. Of the 642 gynecological samples searched, result showed a progressive increase in number as the years empty from 2011 to 2013 presenting 8 uterine diseases in a population of 116 cases. A total of 518 cases were product of conception of which 250 were as a result of incomplete spontaneous abortions and 200 inappropriate criminal abortions, while 68 could not be associated with any definite cause. Leiomyoma cases were 75%, uterine/vaginal prolapsed were 6%, molar pregnancies and endometriosis 5% and while endometrial hyperplasia and uterine atrophy were 3% each and 2% each were for uterine polyp and adenomyosis in all of the 116 cases. Six age groups were involved showing that 7 diseases and total frequency of 50% occurred with age group (40-49) and is seconded by (30-39) which had 5 conditions with frequency of 21%. Attempted provisional diagnosis was based on clinical presentations, and of 116 cases 80% were confirmed accurate by laboratory diagnosis. Clinical characters of leiomyomas were the same while histomorphologic features were not entirely consistently same in all.

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