The Perception of Various Physician Specialists on Addiction Treatment Velga SudrabaMethods in LatviaVelga Sudraba*
Riga Centre of Psychiatry and Addiction Disorders, Riga Stradiņš University, Latvia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Velga Sudraba
Riga Centre of Psychiatry and Addiction Disorders
Riga Stradiņš University, Latvia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 24, 2013; Accepted date: February 13, 2014; Published date: February 17, 2014
Citation: Sudraba V (2014) The Perception of Various Physician Specialists on Addiction Treatment Methods in Latvia. J Alcohol Drug Depend 2:149. doi: 10.4172/2329-6488.1000149
Copyright: © 2014 Sudraba V. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Many different addiction treatment methods are available in Latvia such as: Evidence-based Psychosocial Interventions (common elsewhere in the world), Opioid Substitution Therapy, and methods popular in the Soviet times (which are not evidence-based). These latter Soviet methods demonstrate the doctor’s denial of addiction as an illness and promote “magical thinking” in patients. Aim: of this study was to research the knowledge of various physician specialists on available addiction treatment methods in Latvia and how these methods have been promoted and practiced. Material and methods: A survey developed by the author was used in this study. There were 586 various physician specialists surveyed; their mean age was 46.8 ± 10.8 years. Female were 78% of the respondents. Results: The methods that the doctors were most informed about were Detoxification (96.8%), the Suggestion method without medication intake (86.3%) and the Minnesota program (83.6%). Most often, the doctors suggested the Minnesota program (60.4%) and Detoxification (60.2%) to their patients. A third of the respondents (30.7%) practiced detoxification. Conclusion: The physicians questioned were best informed on acute addiction treatment. Nevertheless, when referring to the bio-psycho-social addiction model, the doctor’s knowledge on evidence-based treatment methods for addiction still needed improvement.