alexa The Potential “Core” of Vitamin D Receptor and Vitamin D Hypothesis: Synthesis of Common Basis of Some Autoimmune Diseases and Associated Cancers via Autophagy
ISSN: 2168-9849

Cloning & Transgenesis
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The Potential “Core” of Vitamin D Receptor and Vitamin D Hypothesis: Synthesis of Common Basis of Some Autoimmune Diseases and Associated Cancers via Autophagy

Yue Zhang1,2*
1Osteoarthritis Research Unit, University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM), Notre-Dame Hospital, Montreal, QC H2L 4M1, Canada
2Osteoarthritis, Obesity and Metabolism Unit, University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, ON M5T 2S8, Canada
Corresponding Author : Yue Zhang
CRCHUM, Notre-Dame Hospital
1560 Sherbrooke Street East
Pavillon DeSève, Room Y2625
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Tel: 1-514-890-8000
Fax: 1-514-412-7583
Received December 12, 2013; Accepted December 13, 2013; Published December 15, 2013
Citation: Zhang Y (2013) The Potential “Core” of Vitamin D Receptor and Vitamin D Hypothesis: Synthesis of Common Basis of Some Autoimmune Diseases and Associated Cancers via Autophagy. Clon Transgen 3:e106. doi:10.4172/2168-9849.1000e106
Copyright: © 2013 Zhang Y. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Nutrigenomics may tell us how various nutrients interact with the genome and potentially cause alteration of gene expressions. One nutrient of particular interest is vitamin D, deficiency of which may lead to diseases in various human organ and muscle systems. Decoding the genetics of complex diseases such as autoimmune diseases and/ or cancers associated with the aging process is vital to understand the controversies the beneficial effects of vitamin D supplementation on these diseases. Based on comparative advantages of different model system and recent ChIPseq/ ChIP-chip studies, we previously proposed one novel insightful hypothesis: the genetic regulatory network of Vitamin D Receptor (VDR, homologue of DAF-12 in Caenorhabditis elegans) may act as a common basis in preventing some autoimmune diseases and associated cancers. Further, such diseases may burst up with polygenic genetic mutations and/or variations in that deficiency of vitamin D and lacking of UVB lead to the mal-functional DAF-12/ VDR and lose its buffering potential as a capacitor. The aberrance of environmental factor-induced DAF-12/VDR may counter-intuitively lead to in situ dys-regulation of the expression of an array of its target genes and locallyinduced autoimmunity because of the citrullination of in situ dys-regulated genes, which may be mediated by the VDR-orchestrated autophagy process. Being consistent with the “hygiene hypothesis” and the “danger signals” theory, some VDR/DAF-12 targets may be directly involved in these processes. Several testable predictions will be briefly discussed.

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