alexa The Potentials of Chicken Drops in the Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Agricultural Soil
ISSN: 2161-0525

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
Open Access

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Research Article

The Potentials of Chicken Drops in the Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Agricultural Soil

Reginald Chibueze Ohiri*, Eugene Nwaogwugwu Onyeike and Augustine Amadike Uwakwe
Department of Biochemistry, University of Port Harcourt, P. M. B. 5323 East-West Road, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria
Corresponding Author : Reginald Chibueze Ohiri
Department of Biochemistry
University of Port Harcourt
P. M. B. 5323 East-West Road, Choba
Rivers State, Nigeria
Tel: +2348038808077
E-mail: raycohiri@yahoo.com
Received May 02, 2013; Accepted August 23, 2013; Published August 26, 2013
Citation: Ohiri RC, Onyeike EN, Uwakwe AA (2013) The Potentials of Chicken Drops in the Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Agricultural Soil. J Environ Anal Toxicol 3:187. doi: 10.4172/2161-0525.1000187
Copyright: © 2013 Ohiri RC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

A study on the potentials of chicken drops in the remediation of petroleum contaminated agricultural soil was carried out. A total of 18 m2 farmland was divided into three sites of 4 m2 each with 2 m spaces in between them. Two out of the three sites were polluted with 40 dm3 of bonny light crude oil and remediated for 16 weeks. The results showed a total percentage degradation of 72.18 ± 0.56 and 59.21 ± 0.54 of aliphatic hydrocarbon, 37.92 ± 0.38 and 29.58 ± 0.36 of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and 5.26 ± 0.22 and 0.50 ± 0.08 of heavy metals for bioaugmented and natural attenuated sites respectively. However, the highest percentage degradation for aliphatic hydrocarbon was 97.59 ± 0.95 for C24 of the bioaugmented site and 92.46 ± 0.72 for C26 of the natural attenuated site, while the highest degradation rate for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon was 100.00 ± 0.00 for Pyrene, Benzo(k)fluoranthene and Benzo(g,h,i)perylene of both the bioaugmented site and natural attenuated site. However, Chromium had the highest percentage degradation rate for the heavy metals with values of 11.95 ± 0.33 and 1.12 ± 0.25 for the bioaugmented and natural attenuated sites respectively.

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