The Production of Catfish and Vegetables in an Aquaponic SystemNawwar Zawani Mamat*, Mohd Idrus Shaari and Nur Amirul Anas Abdul Wahab
Marine Technology Programme, Universiti Teknologi MARA (Perlis), 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Nawwar Zawani Mamat
Faculty of Applied Sciences
Marine Technology Programme
Universiti Teknologi MARA (Perlis)
02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia
Tel: 601 93465236
Fax: 604 988 2526
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: 07 June, 2016; Accepted date: 26 September, 2016; Published date: 03 October, 2016
Citation: Mamat NZ, Shaari MI, Wahab NAAA (2016) The Production of Catfish and Vegetables in an Aquaponic System. Fish Aquac J 7:181.doi:10.4172/2150-3508.1000181
Copyright: © 2016 Mamat NZ, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Aquaponic is a system that mutually integrates aquaculture and plant cultivation (by means of hydroponic). Both crops are combined in a recirculating system that utilizes less water than the traditional farming. Nutrients contained in fish tanks are recycled into plant biomass with the presence of nitrifying bacteria that convert the excreted ammonia to nitrite and then to nitrate. In this study, fifteen sets of aquaponic system were developed to study the growth of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) and three types of plants; the red and green-red amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) and water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica). The combination of aquaculture and hydroponic gives a new insight into increasing the efficiency of food production which respects principles of sustainable agriculture.