alexa The Psychological Changes of Horticultural Therapy Intervention for Elderly Women of Earthquake-Related Areas | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2167-1222

Journal of Trauma & Treatment
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Research Article

The Psychological Changes of Horticultural Therapy Intervention for Elderly Women of Earthquake-Related Areas

Yuka Kotozaki*
Smart Ageing International Research Center, Institute of Development, Aging, and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan
Corresponding Author : Yuka Kotozaki
Smart Ageing International Research Center
Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer
Tohoku University, 4-1 Seiryomachi
Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8575, Japan
Tel: +81 (0) 22 717 7988
E-mail: [email protected]
Received November 30, 2013; Accepted December 23, 2013; Published December 26, 2013
Citation: Kotozaki Y (2013) The Psychological Changes of Horticultural Therapy Intervention for Elderly Women of Earthquake-Related Areas. J Trauma Treat 3:184. doi:10.4172/2167-1222.1000184
Copyright: © 2013 Kotozaki Y. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Despite the passage of time, some people who experienced the Great East Japan Earthquake are still living with the emotional trauma and stress. We provided horticultural therapy as an intervention to 39 elderly women with earthquake stress living in the affected areas of the coastal areas of the Great East Japan Earthquake. The participants were divided into two groups, an intervention group (n=20) and a control group (n=19). The intervention group underwent eight weeks of horticultural intervention. On the other hands, the control group underwent eight weeks of stress control education. After two months of horticultural therapy intervention, the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) total score, Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) score, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI-J) score, and the WHO Quality of Life 26 (WHO-QOL26) score in the intervention group improved significantly, and salivary cortisol level in the intervention group also improved significantly. After follow up, CAPS score, GDS score, PTGI-J score, and WHO-QOL26 score (psychological QOL score, social QOL score, environmental QOL score, and global QOL score), and salivary cortisol level in the intervention group was improved or almost the same as the post-intervention scores in the intervention group. These findings suggest that horticultural therapy has an effect on the symptoms of earthquake stress in elderly women, and that this effect may sustain.

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