alexa The Pulmonary Microbiome, Mechanical Ventilation, and Trauma | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2329-6577

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Review Article

The Pulmonary Microbiome, Mechanical Ventilation, and Trauma

Ashley D Smith1, Yan Zhang2, Shantanu J Shewale2, Robert C Barber3, Michael S Allen1,2 and Ryan M Huebinger4*
1Department of Molecular Biology and Immunology, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas, USA
2Department of Forensic and Investigative Genetics, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas, USA
3Department of Pharmacology and Neuroscience and the Institute for Aging and Alzheimer’s Disease Research, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas, USA
4Division of Burn, Trauma & Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA
*Corresponding Author : Ryan M. Huebinger
Department of Surgery
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, USA
Tel: (214)648-3354
Fax: (214)648-8420
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 26, 2013; Accepted August 16, 2013; Published August 19, 2013
Citation: Smith AD, Zhang Y, Shewale SJ, Barber RC, Allen MS, et al. (2013) The Pulmonary Microbiome, Mechanical Ventilation, and Trauma. Biol Syst 2:116. doi:10.4172/2329-6577.1000116
Copyright: © 2013 Smith AD, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Recent advances in molecular technology have facilitated a more thorough investigation of the human microbiome. These developments have allowed examination of associations between disease states and a person’s microbiome. While the majority of scientific literature has been focused on the microbial flora in the intestines, attention has recently been directed at the pulmonary microbiome and chronic disease states. Of particular interest is the microbiome’s effect on mechanical ventilation in trauma patients, where ventilator-associated pneumonia leads to significantly increased mortality rates. However, within the trauma population, many patients that exhibit the clinical symptoms of a pulmonary infection fail to culture or exhibit only “normal respiratory tract flora.” Herein, we discuss the current state of pulmonary microbiome research, risk factors, and future avenues of research involving the pulmonary microbiome as it relates to trauma patients.

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