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ISSN: 2161-0509

Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy
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Research Article

The Relation between Eating- and Weight-Related Disturbances and Depressive Symptoms among Early and Late Adolescents

Jennine S. Rawana* and Ashley S. Morgan

Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Canada

*Corresponding Author:
Jennine S. Rawana
Department of Psychology
York University, 4700 Keele St., Toronto
Ontario, Canada, M3J 1P3
Tel: +1(416) 736- 2100 ext- 20771
Fax: +1(416) 736-5814
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date November 21, 2011; Accepted date December 16, 2011; Published date December 19, 2011

Citation: Rawana JS, Morgan AS (2011) The Relation Between Eating- and Weight-Related Disturbances and Depressive Symptoms Among Early and Late Adolescents. J Nutr Disorders Ther S2:001. doi:10.4172/2161-0509.S2-001

Copyright: © 2011 Rawana JS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Abstract

A substantial proportion of adolescents experience clinical and subclinical depression. It is particularly important to study novel risk factors that may broaden our understanding of depression during adolescence. There is growing literature on the relation between eating- and weight-related disturbances (e.g., body weight regulation strategies, body dissatisfaction) and depression during adolescence; however, age and gender differences in this relation remain unclear. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, the current study examined the relation between eating-and weight-related disturbances and depressive symptoms among early and late adolescentgirls and boys. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to investigate the relation between eating- and weightrelated disturbances and depressive symptoms after accounting for self-esteem, pubertal status, and body mass index among early and late adolescent girls and boys. Several body weight regulation strategies, including binge eating, purging, and weight control behaviors were associated with depressive symptoms and varied by gender and age. The results are clinically meaningful and have the potential to inform youth mental health services. For example, depression prevention programs could increase their effectiveness by encouraging healthy body weight regulation strategies and nutritional eating, particularly among early adolescents.

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