The Relationship between Alcohol Availability and Alcohol ConsumptionPulliainen M* and Valtonen H
Department of Health and Social Management, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio Campus, P.O. Box 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
- *Corresponding Author:
- Pulliainen M
Department of Health and Social Management
University of Eastern Finland
Kuopio Campus, Kuopio, Finland
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: April 11, 2017; Accepted Date: May 15, 2017; Published Date: May 18, 2017
Citation: Pulliainen M, Valtonen H (2017) The Relationship between Alcohol Availability and Alcohol Consumption. J Pol Sci Pub Aff 5: 252. doi: 10.4172/2332-0761.1000252
Copyright: © 2017 Pulliainen M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This paper examines the relationship between retail alcohol supply and total alcohol consumption. In Finland, the state alcohol company (Alko) has a retail monopoly on the sale of stronger alcoholic beverages. Only drinks with a maximum of 4.7% alcohol by volume can be sold in licensed grocery stores. The influence of the state alcohol monopoly was examined using data from Alko outlets and controlled sales from restaurants and grocery stores, prices, regional differences in consumption levels, and the trend over time. Data were collected from Alko registers and the National Institute of Health and Welfare. Panel data from regions of Finland over the period 1995-2009 were analysed using regression models. This study provides evidence that alcohol supply has an impact on alcohol consumption. The consumption of strong alcohol and wine increases as the number of Alko outlets grows. Taxation through pricing also affects the purchase of strong alcohol. The disposable income of the consumer does not influence consumption, and there is no relationship between the number of Alko outlets and alcohol consumption in restaurants and alcohol purchases from grocery stores.