alexa The Relationship between Literacy Level and Coronary Ri
ISSN: 2167-7182

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research
Open Access

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Research Article

The Relationship between Literacy Level and Coronary Risk Factors in Diabetic Patients

Khademi M1 and Jahanlou AS2*
1Department of Internal Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2Faculty member at Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, USA
Corresponding Author : Jahanlou AS
Department of Internal Medicine
Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences
Bandar Abbas, Iran
Tel: +98 (761) 333 7190
Fax: +98 (761) 333 5009
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 19, 2015; Accepted March 27, 2015; Published March 29, 2015
Citation: Khademi M, Jahanlou S (2015) The Relationship between Literacy Level and Coronary Risk Factors in Diabetic Patients. J Gerontol Geriat Res 4:209. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000209
Copyright: © 2015 Khademi M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Background: Diabetes and illiteracy are common problems in developing countries. In studies on diabetes and cardiac risk factors, literacy level, especially illiteracy, is not adequately addressed. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a major complication of diabetes and the leading cause of premature death. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between literacy level and coronary risk factors in Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM) patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in an urban federally funded diabetic’s clinic in Bandar Abbas, Iran. The sample consisted of 256 diabetic patients who were classified into three groups: Illiterates, low-literates and literates. The coronary risk factors were delimited to HbA1C, LDL, HDL, total cholesterol (TC), Triglyceride (TG), Body Mass Index (BMI), and blood pressure. Results: 67.5% of the patients were female, 42.1% illiterates, and 70% were overweight. The measures of TC and BMI were higher among females than males. Differences among the literacy levels based on LDL, TC, HDL, and TG were statistically significant. Conclusion: According to our findings, literacy level does not have a role in glycemic control, but may affect LDL, HDL, TC and TG.

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