alexa The Relationship between Managers’ Cognitive
E-ISSN: 2223-5833

Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review
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Research Article

The Relationship between Managers’ Cognitive Style and Their Leadership Type as Moderated by Organizational Culture

Alireza Hejazi*

Regent University, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Alireza Hejazi
Regent University, USA
Tel: +1 757-352- 4127

Received date June 29, 2016; Accepted date July 07, 2016; Published date July 14, 2016

Citation: Hejazi A (2016) The Relationship between Managers’ Cognitive Style and Their Leadership Type as Moderated by Organizational Culture. Arabian J Bus Manag Review 6:242. 

Copyright: © 2016 Hejazi A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Current research examined the relationship between managers’ cognitive style and their leadership type as moderated by organizational culture. The perceptions of subordinates were surveyed to explore the relationships. The population of the current study was English speaking knowledge workers, who were subordinates under a manager at least for three years. The sample consisted of 140 subordinates gathered through snowball sampling method. The Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI), Kirton’s Adaption-Innovation Inventory (KAI) and Managerial Behavior Instrument (MBI) were used as measurements. Hierarchical multiple regressions were used to test 24 hypotheses of the study. While the adaptive cognitive style could be a predictor of producer, harddriver, regulator, and monitor leadership types, the innovative cognitive style could not predict any leadership type. The findings of current research contribute to the study of behavioral complexity in leadership by introducing a new paradigm in which the effectiveness of managers originates from the coordination between their adaptive cognitive style and compete and control oriented leadership types.


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