alexa The Relationships between Perceived Parental Rearing Style and Anxiety Symptoms in Malaysian Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas
ISSN: 2167-1044

Journal of Depression and Anxiety
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Research Article

The Relationships between Perceived Parental Rearing Style and Anxiety Symptoms in Malaysian Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas

Seyed Ebrahim Mousavi*, Wah Yun Low and Ailli Hanim Hashim
University of Malaya Faculty of Medicine, Malaysia
*Corresponding Author : Seyed Ebrahim Mousavi
Ph.D Candidate, University of Malaya Faculty of Medicine
Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel: 03-7967 6660
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: November 18, 2015; Accepted: January 27, 2016; Published: January 30, 2016
Citation: Mousavi SE, Low WY, Hashim AH (2016) The Relationships between Perceived Parental Rearing Style and Anxiety Symptoms in Malaysian Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas. J Depress Anxiety S2:009. doi:10.4172/2167-1044.S2-009
Copyright: © 2016 Mousavi SE, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Anxiety is among the most prevalent forms of psychopathology in adolescence. The Schema Theory emphasizes the role of the quality of the early experiences and parents-child relationship and its impact through the cognitive schemas on emotional health. The present study examined the influence of parental behavior rearing and cognitive schemas on the development of anxiety in Malaysian adolescents. Further, the mediating role of early maladaptive schemas in the link between parenting variables and anxiety symptoms in adolescents were examined. Using multiple cluster sampling, 38 classrooms from 11 international secondary schools in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia were selected. A sample of 612 nonclinical adolescents (226 girls and 386 boys) aged 13-18 years (mean age = 15.48 years) completed the questionnaires measuring perceived parenting behaviors (EMBU-C), early maladaptive schemas (YSQ-S3) and anxiety symptoms (SCAS). The results indicated that there were positive correlations among adverse parenting behavior styles, EMSs and anxiety. Further, with regression analyses revealing two parenting styles (Anxious Rearing and Rejection) also, four particular EMSs were significant predictors of anxiety in adolescents. Furthermore, some early maladaptive schemas do mediate the relations between parenting variables and anxiety in adolescent. Findings of current study provide evidence for the notion that the relationship between negative parental rearing behaviors and anxiety is explained by maladaptive cognitive schemas. Finally, clinical significance of the findings was discussed.

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