The Relevance of Blue Moods and Depression in the Context of Smoking and Natural Quitting Rates in People Living with HIVMaría José Míguez-Burbano1*, Mayra E Vargas-Rivera2, Yanerys Leon3, Clery Quiros2, John E Lewis4, Luis A Espinoza5, Deshratan Asthana4 and Cassandra A Stanton6
- *Corresponding Author:
- María José Míguez-Burbano
Professor, School of Integrated Science and Humanity
College of Arts and Sciences
Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: August 21, 2014; Accepted date: October 17, 2014; Published date: October 22, 2014
Citation: Míguez-Burbano MJ, Vargas-Rivera ME, Leon Y, Quiros C, Lewis JE, et al. (2014) The Relevance of Blue Moods and Depression in the Context of Smoking and Natural Quitting Rates in People Living with HIV. J Alcohol Drug Depend 2:175. doi: 10.4172/2329-6488.1000175
Copyright: © 2014 Míguez-Burbano MJ, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: Research suggests that smoking-cessation interventions are less successful among people living with HIV (PLWH). The factors influencing the limited success of evidence-based smoking-cessation interventions in this population are not well understood.
Design: Longitudinal analyses (of the first 12-months of an ongoing cohort (“FILTERS”) sociodemographically matched sample of 160 PLWH and 180 without HIVcomprised of both smokers and non-smokers.
Methods: Semi-annual visits include a detailed survey of smoking behaviors (e.g., type of cigarette, amounts) and cessation efforts (i.e., prior attempts to quit, interest in quitting). Additionally, a fasting blood sample was obtained to assess serum cotinine, biochemical, and viroimmune parameters.
Results: Compared to seronegatives, PLWH were more likely to be smokers (OR=1.4; 95% CI: 1-2.2;p=0.05).The readiness-to-quit-stages assessment showed that only 45% of the participants in the PLWH group were in the preparation or ready-to-action stages. PLWH were less likely to express interest in quitting than HIV negatives (OR=0.6; 95% CI: 0.4-1;p=0.05). Analyses indicated that PLWH were twice more likely to report stress, depression and anxiety as causes of relapse in prior quitting attempts (OR=1.6; 95% CI: 1.5- 2.4;p=0.004). After a natural course of 12 months, subjects receiving antidepressants exhibited larger reductions in number of cigarettes smoked per day (-2.6 CPD, p=0.06), than those without treatment (-0.8 CPD, p=0.2).
Conclusions: Our analyses indicated that negative moodsimpact quitting success rates, particularly among PLWH. Our findings suggest that evaluation and treatment of depression may be a critical component of a smoking cessation program.