alexa The Role of Inflammatory Cytokines and the RANKL-RANK-OPG Molecular Triad in Periodontal Bone Loss-A Review | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-9899

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology
Open Access

Like us on:

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Review Article

The Role of Inflammatory Cytokines and the RANKL-RANK-OPG Molecular Triad in Periodontal Bone Loss-A Review

Prathiba Chichurakanahalli Srinivasan*
SV Dental Collge, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Corresponding Author : Prathiba Chichurakanahalli Srinivasan
SV Dental Collge, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received June 13, 2013; Accepted August 27, 2013; Published August 31, 2013
Citation: Srinivasan PC (2013) The Role of Inflammatory Cytokines and the RANKL-RANK-OPG Molecular Triad in Periodontal Bone Loss-A Review. J Clin Cell Immunol S13:007. doi:10.4172/2155-9899.S13-007
Copyright: © 2013 Srinivasan PC. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Related article at
DownloadPubmed DownloadScholar Google

Abstract

Periodontal diseases are chronic inflammatory disorders involving the supporting structures of the teeth. Connective tissue destruction and loss of bone support of the dentition are key features of this disease. Early studies have revealed that biofilm plaque accumulation in the dentogingival area is the primary etiological factor of periodontal diseases. Recent research has not only reinforced the bacterial etiology of periodontal disease, but has also emphasized the role of inflammation in this pathologic process. The host mounts an immune-inflammatory response to combat the bacterial attack. The host response is like a double-edged sword. It eliminates the offending pathogens, but overstimulation and amplification of the same leads to tissue destruction and bone loss. In the mid- 1990s, extensive research in the field of bone biology led to the discovery of the RANKL-RANK-OPG molecular triad. This article explores the mechanisms by which inflammatory host response leads to alveolar bone loss-the role of cytokines, factors that stimulate osteoclastogenesis via the RANKL-RANK-OPG pathway and how inflammation interferes with the uncoupling of bone formation and bone resorption. In addition to the conventional therapeutic modalities aimed at eliminating the microbes, additional therapeutic strategies that interfere with the RANKL-RANKOPG axis may have a protective effect on the bone loss.

Keywords

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

bornova escort

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version