alexa The Role of Malaysian Leaders in Nation Building Process (1957-2003)
ISSN: 2151-6200

Arts and Social Sciences Journal
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Research Article

The Role of Malaysian Leaders in Nation Building Process (1957-2003)

Md Shukri Shuib1, Mohamad Nasir Saludin2, Otto F Von Feigenblatt3, Mohamad Faisol Keling1, Mohd Na’eim Ajis1*

1Lecturer, College of Law, Government and International Studies, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

2Associate Professor, Faculty of Defence Management and Studies, National Defence University of Malaysia, Sungai Besi Camp, 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

3PhD Scholar, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Mohd Na’eim Ajis
Lecturer, College of Law
Government and International Studies
Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010
Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
E-mail: [email protected]

Published date: March 14, 2010



Generally, this paper discusses Malaysia’s nation building process that includes the changing of national understanding from Sultanate perspective towards democratic nation. In 1957, Malaya achieved its independence. Ethnic Malays through United Malays National Organization (UMNO), ethnic Chinese through Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) and ethnic Indian through Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) are the major political parties, which at that time maintained separate identities, based on ethnicity. However, they had to compromise and unify for independence. This paper will also touch on the factors, which influenced the process of nation building, especially internal and external factors. The role of several important leaders, especially former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamed, their policies and actions to develop and establish Malaysia’s nation building process, is discussed.


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