The Role of Multiple Micronutrients in Treatment of Iron Deficient Anemic Children
|Hassan Ali Abdelwahid1* and Osama A Zekry2|
|1Department of Family Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt|
|2Department of Pediatric, Suez Canal University SCU, Ismailia, Egypt|
|Corresponding Author :||Dr. Hassan A. Abdelwahid, MD
Department of Family Medicine
Faculty of Medicine
Suez Canal University
Tel: +912 0114 2231059
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received October 23, 2012; Accepted November 19, 2012; Published November 21, 2012|
|Citation: Abdelwahid HA, Zekry OA (2012) The Role of Multiple Micronutrients in Treatment of Iron Deficient Anemic Children. Family Med Medical Sci Res 1:102. doi:10.4172/2327-4972.1000102|
|Copyright: © 2012 Abdelwahid HA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Background: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is more likely to be associated with other multiple micronutrient (MMN) deficiencies.
Aim: Assessment of changes in hemoglobin levels, serum ferritin, retinol, and iron that would come out as a result of the intervention.
Methods: This randomized controlled trial included 90 school children with IDA who were randomly allocated into 3 treatment groups. Group-A and B received oral iron, and oral iron + multiple micronutrients (MMN), respectively, for three months. Group-C (the control group) received nothing.
Results: Hemoglobin levels were increased significantly in group-A (11.8 g/L), and group B (15.4 g/L) and insignificantly in the control group (2.1 g/L). Group-B had the highest increase in hemoglobin levels. Conclusion: Supplementation with multiple micronutrients, rather than just iron, is a rational treatment strategy for IDA children.