alexa The Use of Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) in Adolescents and Nulliparous Women: A Systematic Review
ISSN: 2167-0420

Journal of Womens Health Care
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

The Use of Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) in Adolescents and Nulliparous Women: A Systematic Review

Sarah A Smith*

Undergraduate Program Director, South University, Columbia, US

*Corresponding Author:
Sarah A Smith
Assistant Professor of Nursing
Undergraduate Program Director
South University, 9 Science Court
Columbia, South Carolina, US
Tel: 808-987-6834
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: August 13, 2015; Accepted date: August 15, 2015; Published date: August 25, 2015

Citation: Smith SA (2015) The Use of Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) in Adolescents and Nulliparous Women: A Systematic Review. J Women’s Health Care 4:277. doi:10.4172/2167-0420.1000277

Copyright: © 2015 Smith SA. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Introduction: High rates of unintended adolescent pregnancy in the United States (US) suggests the need for a highly effective, long acting, reversible contraception method that is safe for nulliparous women and adolescents. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and World Health Organization (WHO) have all released statements supporting the use of intrauterine devices (IUDs) as a safe and acceptable means of long acting, reversible contraception for women and adolescents. Despite this support, some health care providers are still resistant to recommend IUDs for use with adolescents and nulliparous women.
Purpose: The purpose of this systematic literature review is to summarize and critically appraise the evidence surrounding the use of IUDs with nulliparous women and adolescents.
Methods: A systematic, retrospective review of the literature pertaining to IUD use in adolescents, young women, and nulliparous women was performed.
Results: The final sample consisted of 12 studies with publication dates from 1996-2014. Overall, IUD use in nulliparous and adolescents was not related to increased rates of uterine perforation, pregnancy, pelvic infections, or infertility. Age and parity was found in some studies to be associated with increased pain with insertion, IUD expulsion, pain after insertion, bleeding, and decreased IUD continuation rates. However, the association between age and parity and these potential IUD related side effects were not significant enough to discredit the use of these devices.
Discussion: It is apparent that the use of IUDs with adolescents and nulliparous women is an effective, safe long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) option. Health care providers need to educate their adolescents and nulliparous women patients on the advantages of utilizing IUDs. Further research is warranted on potential prophylactic and symptomatic treatment which may decrease side effects associated with the use of IUDs with adolescents and nulliparous women.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords