alexa To Study Hydrogeology and Wetland-Groundwater Interactions around Sukhna Wetland, Chandigarh, India | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7587

Hydrology: Current Research
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  • Research Article   
  • Hydrol Current Res 2016, Vol 7(2): 244
  • DOI: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000244

To Study Hydrogeology and Wetland-Groundwater Interactions around Sukhna Wetland, Chandigarh, India

Jasbir Kaur Taak1*, Singh KP2 and Ahluwalia AS3
1Department of Environmental Studies, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
2Department of Geology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
3Department of Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
*Corresponding Author : Jasbir Kaur Taak, Department of Environmental Studies, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160 014, India

Received Date: Mar 31, 2016 / Accepted Date: May 17, 2016 / Published Date: May 24, 2016

Abstract

In the present paper the hydrological regime around Sukhna wetland is studied to know how a wetland is functioning, its influence on hydrology of the area and wetland-groundwater interactions. The subsurface geology of boreholes drilled around Sukhna wetland reveals thick zones of boulders, pebbles, gravels, sand and clay at different depths. In this area there are two type aquifer systems i.e., shallow and deep. The depth for shallow aquifer ranged 2-20 m bgl and in deeper aquifers ranged 10 above 40 m bgl. The water level fluctuations for the period 1985-2013, indicates the declining water level trend in both the seasons i.e., pre monsoon (May) and post monsoon (November) due to over exploitation by tubewells installed by the Public Health Department, UT, Chandigarh for providing domestic water supply. The water table elevation contour maps for May and November months in Chandigarh for years 1986, 1991, 1999, 2005 and 2012 reveals that the regional ground water flow direction is from Northeast to Southwest and there in no significant temporal variations in regional ground water flow direction. On the basis of hydrological regime study around Sukhna wetland it is inferred that no appreciable rise in water levels has been observed around Sukhna wetland but it is contributing recharge in the upper shallow aquifer system in the central part of Chandigarh and below as the subsurface groundwater flow is towards south and south west direction

Keywords: Wetland; Groundwater; Sukhna; Hydrology

Citation: Taak JK, Singh KP, Ahluwalia AS (2016) To Study Hydrogeology and Wetland-Groundwater Interactions around Sukhna Wetland, Chandigarh, India. Hydrol Current Res 7: 244. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000244

Copyright: © 2016 Taak JK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricteduse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Review summary

  1. Nitin
    Posted on Sep 15 2016 at 7:16 pm
    In the present paper authors describes the hydrological regime around Sukhna wetland to know how a wetland functions, its influence on hydrology of the area and wetland-groundwater interactions. It is recommended to keep a regular check on the over exploitation of groundwater around Sukhna wetland and areas around it. The article is very well written. The author has done an excellent job in compiling all the known, predicted, and acquired risk factors. The information represented in the article will help in the furtherance of envirnomental research.
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