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Journal of Coastal Zone Management
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Review Article

Tourism and Conservation Management Options for Karimunjawa Marine National Park (Case Study And Reviews)

Abstract

Tourism is a nature-based industry that will have impacts on the environment. In order to
achieve successful and sustainable tourism, tourism development and conservation of natural resources
have to go hand in hand. This will be only attained through an environmental strategic tourism
planning approach.
Karimunjawa islands as one of the largest marine protected areas in Indonesia, provide a wide
range of opportunities for research and environmental education as well as for tourism and recreation.
In 1995, the Central Java Government conducted a tourism development study, but the study failed to
assess current tourist market. This study intent to analyse the existing tourist market and to offer
management guidelines.
The study was conducted using qualitative methods to analyse the existing tourism market and
its’ development plan by reviewing and examining the primary and secondary sources. The study
revealed that local residents are not fully involved in the development of the tourism plan. It is
considered that, at least initially, tourism in the Karimunjawa Islands should be developed on a
selective and small-scale base. It is recommended that a development manual, guidelines and policies
be prepared in support of the tourism development plan. Public education program and involvement of
the local community should be encouraged to support the tourism plan. The proposed management
guidelines cover three issues : the environmental impact of tourism development; the appropriate
institutional and legal framework to regulate and monitor tourism development, especially on the
islands; and the extent of local community participation

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