alexa Toxoplasma Gondii Infection among Pregnant Women in Guangdong Province, Subtropical Southern China | OMICS International
ISSN: 2161-0703

Journal of Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis
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Research Article

Toxoplasma Gondii Infection among Pregnant Women in Guangdong Province, Subtropical Southern China

Chaohui Duan1#, Zhangyong Ning2*#, Wenbo Hao3#, Xiaohong Luo1, Jianping Tan4, Ling Luo1, Yingming He5, Ying Xu1, Jing Shao6 and Shuhong Luo3*

1Laboratory of Clinical Immunology, the Sun Yat-Sen Memorial hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, 107 W. Yanjiang Road, Guangzhou 510120, People’s Republic of China

2College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, People’s Republic of China

3Institute of Antibody Engineering, School of Biotechnology, Southern Medical University, 1838 N. Guangzhou Avenue, Guangzhou, 510515, People’s Republic of China

4Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, the Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, 107 W. Yanjiang Road, Guangzhou 510120, Guangzhou 510120, People’s Republic of China

5Laboratory of Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, the Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, 107 W. Yanjiang Road, Guangzhou 510120, People’s Republic of China

6Lin Bai-xin research center of medicine memorial hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Sun Yat-Sen University, 107 W. Yanjiang Road, Guangzhou 510120, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China

#Authors have contributed equally

*Corresponding Author:
Shuhong Luo
Institute of Antibody Engineering
School of Biotechnology
Southern Medical University
1838 N. Guangzhou Avenue
Guangzhou, 510515, China
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: February 11, 2012; Accepted Date: April 19, 2012; Published Date: April 20, 2012

Citation: Duan C, Ning Z, Hao W, Luo X, Tan J, et al. (2012) Toxoplasma Gondii Infection among Pregnant Women in Guangdong Province, Subtropical Southern China. J Med Microb Diagn 1:107. doi: 10.4172/2161-0703.1000107

Copyright: © 2012 Duan C, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Little is known about the prevalence of infection by T. gondii in pregnant women in subtropical Southern China. The seroprevalence of T. gondii infection and associated risk factors were investigated in Guangdong province between April 2009 and August 2011. 5006 pregnant women participated in this study. Participants answered survey questions and blood samples were collected from these pregnant women. IgM and IgG antibodies were detected with Enzyme-Linked Immunoadsorbent Assay (ELISA). The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) between anti-IgM, IgG antibodies and relative risk factors were calculated using an association analysis based on unconditional logistic regression. Totally, 0.46% and 7.01% of the pregnant women were found to be positive for T. gondii IgM and IgG antibodies, respectively. Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in women were: contact with cats [odds ratio (OR) 4.99], consumption of raw or under-cooked wild and domestic animals (rats, rabbits and cats) or pork products (OR 4.08) and two administrative regions of Shaoguan and Zhanjiang with habits of eating non-cooked meat (OR 3.93 and 2.58). No significant relations were observed between anti-Toxoplasma IgM and IgG antibodies and unwashed raw vegetables or fruits, educational level and different age group. This is the first report of seroprevalence and risk factors for T. gondii infection among pregnant women in subtropical southern China. This study provides a basis for the design of successful preventive measures against T.gondii infection in pregnant women.

 

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