alexa Transaction Costs (Tcs) Framework to Understand the Concerns of Building Energy Efficiency (BEE) Investment in Hong Kong
E-ISSN: 2252-5211

International Journal of Waste Resources
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Research Article

Transaction Costs (Tcs) Framework to Understand the Concerns of Building Energy Efficiency (BEE) Investment in Hong Kong

Queena K Qian1*, Steffen Lehmann2, Abd Ghani Bin Khalid3 and Edwin HW Chan4

1Endeavour Australia Cheung Kong Fellow, Center for Sustainable Design and Behaviour (sd+b), University of South Australia, Australia

2Professor of Sustainable Design and Behaviour, School of Art, Architecture and Design Director, Zero Waste Research Centre, The University of South Australia, Australia

3Professor, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

4Professor, Building and Real Estate Department, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong S.A.R., China

*Corresponding Author:
Queena K Qian
Endeavour Australia Cheung Kong Fellow
Center for Sustainable Design and Behaviour (sd+b)
University of South Australia, Australia
Tel: 85256127050
Fax: 85223623979
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: December 04, 2013; Accepted Date: February 12, 2014; Published Date: February 19, 2014

Citation: Qian QK, Lehmann S, Bin Khalid AG, Chan EHW (2014) Transaction Costs (Tcs) Framework to Understand the Concerns of Building Energy Efficiency (BEE) Investment in Hong Kong. Int J Waste Resources 4: 135. doi:10.4172/2252-5211.1000135

Copyright: © 2014 Qian QK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Factors, such as split incentive, information asymmetry, opportunistic behavior, ill-informed users, and institutional transitions, etc., incur different levels of Transaction costs (TCs) and affect the stakeholders’ willingness to take part in building energy efficiency (BEE). A better understanding of the nature and structure of TCs is essential to improve the market mechanisms for BEE investment. It covers three dimensions of TCs: specific investment, frequency and uncertainty. The paper provides a framework to understand BEE barriers in general and the TCs concerns of stakeholders in particular. In-depth interviews questions are designed to be conducted with the real estate representatives and architects, using a case of Hong Kong, where real estate developers are chosen to be the study object as they are the initiative and dominate force. The study focuses on how to smooth BEE transactions and lessen TCs involved. It indicates that TCs are the key factors impeding BEE market penetration, and will provide references to design a governance structure as well as to design policy packages to promote BEE.

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